24 (1567) 11.06.2022 - 17.06.2022

?
Ѹ , . 쳢 , .


­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ “­­ ­­. ­” (. “”  23, 2022). ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, 1902 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­, ­ ̳­, ­­ . ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. , ­ ­­ ­­, ­­볢­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “­­ ­­ ­­ 1846—1902 . ­­ ­­”. ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­, ­, ­ ­­. ֳ ­ ­­­ ­ 40-50 ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­?

­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­, ­, ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ 1944 ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ — 12, 13 ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­, , ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ղ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ (­­ ­ ­­­ ). ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­.

²­ ֲ ­ò­ʲ?

­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­: ­, 1902 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ 20 ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­, 120  ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­­­­ , … ­­­볢­. ­­­, ­­᳢ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­. ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­⸢ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. 1960- ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ , ­­­­ ­­ . ­ (­­­­ 1605-, ­­ 1943-). ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ (­­ ­­), ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ (­­). ֳ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ (1948 ..) ­­ ­­.

­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ (1938 ..). ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­. ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, — , ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ 20 . ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­: “ …”


­ ­­?

­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­: ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ (­ ­­ ­­) ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­? ͳ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ “­” (­ ­­­ ­­­ ­) ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ . ­­­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ “­­­”, ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­, ­­ ­­ ­.

­­ ­ ­­. ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ( ­­ ­­), ­ ­­­ “­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­”, ­ 1994 ­ ­­­ “­ ­”. ­­, 30 ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ —­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ . ­ (, ­­, 13 ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­).

­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­, ­⸢ ­ ­­ ­ “­­”, ­­糢 ­. ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ (­­ ­­). ­ ­­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­, ­, ­ ­. ­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­. ­ “­­” ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ “­ ­ ̳­” 1982 ­. ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­. 1990- ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­…

­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “” ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. Ѹ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ 140- ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­.

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