47 (1538) 20.11.2021 - 27.11.2021

Ѹ - ୢ . 65 , 1956 . ୳ 80- 볭 , Ⳮ . , 볭 . ୳ .

/i/content/pi/cult/878/18606/22.jpg ­­ ­­ -­­ ­­ ­ , ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ “­ ­ ­­”. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ 2017 ­, ­ ’­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ˳­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ղ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­ , ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­: , 2017 ­ ­ ’Ⳣ­ ­ , ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ (1876–1915 .), ­­ ­­­­ ­ , ­­­ ­­ ­­ (1823–1876 .), ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ 1823 ­, ­, ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ 2013 ­. ­ ­ ­­, ­­­, ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

/i/content/pi/cult/878/18606/23.jpg­ ­ ­

ʳ­­ ­­ “­ V ” ­­­­­ ­­ “­ ­-­” ­ ­­­ ­­볢, ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, “­­ ­ ­­” 1015  1901 ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­.

­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ — ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ̳­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­볢, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­, , ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ 3 ­­­ 1918 ­.

­­­ ­­­

­­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ˳­ ­­ ­­ , ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­: ­, ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, , ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­.

­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­ . ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ -˳­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, — ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­-­­­­ «­­­­ ­» ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ’. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­-­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­, , ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­­­Ͳ

­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “Create at Fort”, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ — ­­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­.

­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­-­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ’. ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­.

­­볢 ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ߢ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ’ ­­­ ’­ ­ ­­­­ Ţ­ ­­ ­­­­: ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ó­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ .

 

­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ “­ ­-
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