̳ -

46 (1537) 14.11.2021 - 20.11.2021

12  193 糭 ̳ (18281904), , , , , ̳Ⳮ . , 糭 .

“­­ ˳­”

­ ­­ ­­ , ­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­­ , ­­­­ ­­­/i/content/pi/cult/877/18590/15_1.jpg ­­ . 1904 ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­: “­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, . ̳­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ˳­”. ­­, ­ 糢­, ­ 60  ­­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­ “­­ XIX ­­” ­ ­­­­ ­ ­: “ ̳­­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­”. ­­ ­, “­­ ­­­ ­­”, ­ ­­ ­­⸢ ­ ­: “­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­­­. ­­糢­ 29 ­­­ 1828 ­ ­­­ ­­ (­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. — ..). ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ “­­ ­, ­­ ­­”. ­­ ­­ “­” ̳­­­, “­­­ ­­” . ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ 5 ­­­ 1904 ­”. 1976 ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ 10 ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ 2011 ­. ­ ­­ “Ars longa... Patria longa...” ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­-­ ­­­ ­­ . ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. 2016 ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ “­­ ­­­ ­”, ­­­ “­­­ ­­” 1995 ­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­. ϳ­­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­. , ­­ ­­, ̳­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ “­­­ ­­­ ­” (), ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­

/i/content/pi/cult/877/18590/15_2.jpg ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ (­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­), ­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­. ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ (­­, ­ ­­ ­­ : ̳­ ̳­ ), 1693 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. Ѹ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ (Ruswicki), ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­, , ­­­ . 19 ­­­ 1702 ­ ̳­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ (­­ ­­­­). ­­, 1703 ­ ­­糢­ ­­ ( ­ ­­).  — ­­ (1705) (1707). 5 ­­ 1728 ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. 19 ­­ 1730 ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­糢 ­­ ­­-­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ XVIII ­­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­볢­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­Ⳣ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ( ­), ­ — ­ ̳­­ (­ ­­­­). ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ (­­) ­­, ­ ­ ­­­. ̳­­ ­­ . ­­ ղ ­­ ­ 2- ­­­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­, ­­, ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­ ̳­­­. ­­ ’Ⳣ­ 14 (26) ­­ 1807 ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­­. ­­, ­­, ­᳢ ­­ ­­ ’ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­, 2019 ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­, ­­­.

­­­ ­­­

18 (30) 1827 ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ /i/content/pi/cult/877/18590/15_3.jpg­­­, ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ 19 . ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ “­”, ­­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­­ — ­ ­ ­­ — ­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­ 2- ­­­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­. ­ — ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­. ­, ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­, , ­­, ­­­, ­ ­ ̳­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ “ ­­”.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ (­­) (1797–1837), ­­ ­ ­­, ­, ­­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ 1821 ­ , ­ ­­, “­­ ­­” ­­­ ̳­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­쳢­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ — ­­­ (­­ ­ ­­­­) ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­. , ­­­ ­­­ ­­/i/content/pi/cult/877/18590/15_4.jpg ­­, ­ ­. 1822 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ֳ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ “­” (1831 .) ­­ ­᳢ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­糢­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­: “ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­: ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ — ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­”.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. , ­­­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­-­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­. , ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ , ­ ­­, -­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ?

­­ ­ ­ ­ ’ ̳­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­.

: ̳ , ղ ., 1936 . ( ) , , , 2021.

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