³. 7 1918 . ?

45 (1536) 07.11.2021 - 13.11.2021

, ...
볭 糭 ୳ , ࢭ  7- . Ⳮ볭 , - , . : , , ࢭ, 볭, ,  , Ⳮ볭 , , ...

­­ ­­  — ­­­ , ­­­­ ­­ 70 ­ ­­ ­ “­­” “­­” ­­, ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­, ­­­, ­­­, ­­, — ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ( ­ — ­­ ­­­­: ­ ­­ ­­).

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. . . 1970.

­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­, ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ — ­ ­­ “­­­­” ­­­­ ­­㳳, ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­, ­­ “­” ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­, ­­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­, , ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­-­­, ߢ ­, ­, ̳­­ ­­, ­ , ­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ “­­­ ­­ ­”, -­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ — ­ . ­ ­ ­...

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. . .

­ ­. ­ , ­­­ ³­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, , ­ ­­ ­ (­ ­­ ­), ’­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­! ­­­ ­­ ­ ­... ­­ ­­­: “­­ — ­ ­, ­ — ­ ­­...” ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­, “­­­” ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­-­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­’ ³­­, ­ ­ ­ ­.

­­­­ ­­­. ճ­ ­ 30-­­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­­­­ “­­­ ­­­” — ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ “³­­ ­­ ­”. , ­­­ ­ ­­­ ’­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­, ­ ­­­...

­ ­­ ­ ­ 1918 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ “­” ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ’­­ ­ ­­ : ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­.

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7 1918 ³.

­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­-­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­: . ­, . ­­, . ˳­­, . ­­, . ­, . ­, . ­... ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ³­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­. , ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­, ³­­, ­ ­­­.

­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ “­­­” ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­­-­­ — ­­ ­­. ­  — “̳ ­­, ­ ­­” — ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­, ­ : ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­. “­­!” — , ­­­ ­, ­ ­, -­ ­, ­ ­ ³­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ’ — ­­, ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, -­ ­­­ 糢­­ ­­. ­ 7 ­­­ 1918 ­ ­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ “­­­ ­­” ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ! ­ “­” ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­...

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. ʳ.  .

­ ­­, ­­ ³­ ­­ ­ ­­ ̲, ­ ­­ ­ “­­­”, ­­­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ³­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­.

... 1977 ­ ’ ­­ ­­­, ­­糢 ̳­ ­ ­­­, ­­쳢­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­-­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­-­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ˸ ­­ ­­­: ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ . ­ 1984 ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­.

­ ­­ , ­­­, ­­­­, ­­­­ ³­­... ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ “­­­ ­­”, ­­ ­糢 ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

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³ . 1919 .

­ ­: “ ³­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­­­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ 1917 ­, — ­­ ­­ ­­­. — ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ 25 ­­ 1918 ­. ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ 1919-, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ 1918- ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ , ­­, ­, ­­­, ­ ­­­, . ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­, ­­­... ­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ³­: ­­­ ­. ­ , ­­-­­ ­ ­­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­: ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ( ­ ), ­­­, ­­­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ֳ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ “”, “­”, “­­” — ­, , ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­, ­­­, ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ (­ ­ ­­ ˸­ ­­­) ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­... ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ³­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­, ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­ — ­ — ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ . ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ (­ ­­ ­ ­­). ­ ­­­, ­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­ — ­­­ ­­...”

, ­­­ , ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ “­­­­ ­” — ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ³­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­...

­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ˳­­, “­­­”. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ’­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ﳳ-­. ­ ­­...

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