43 (1534) 23.10.2021 - 29.10.2021

, ࢭ. 糭 1929 糭 ࢭ . . ୢ . 糭.

/i/content/pi/cult/874/18516/30.jpg­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­- ’ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ 糢­­, ­­, ­ ­, ­­ “­ ­” ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­Ⳣ. ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ( ­ ’, ­ ­), ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ 1992 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­.

­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ղ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ? ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­? ­­ ­…

­ ­­­

­­­­ ­­­ ­­ 1936-1945 ­, ­­. , ­, ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ 1946 ­. ­­ ­­糢­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, , ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­-­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­­ . ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ’ ­­­, , ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ .

³­ ­, ­­ !

­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ “Gratulor Tibi, generose Vir, optime rem tuam egisti” dixit Lentulus G.E.P. et A. A.P.”, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­-­, ­­ : G[eneralis] E[quituum] P[russiae] et A[mici] A[mico] P[osuerunt]. ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­᳢ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ : “³­ ­, ­­ , ­ ­⸢ (­­) ­”, — ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­­. ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ “Reyten”, “Reytan” , ­­­­­ ­ ­. , ­ , ? ­­. ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­ 1773–1775 ­? ­­ ­ ­ﳸ ­ ­­糢 ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ XVI ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­, ­­ “­ ­” ­ ­ ­ ­, ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ “­” ­­ ­ ­. ­ 1773–1775 ­ , ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­糢­ ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, , ­­ ­­­, ­­Ⳣ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­.

/i/content/pi/cult/874/18516/31.jpg ­ ­­­?

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, 1935 ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “­­­­ ­­­”. ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ղ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ “Czapek i Spolka” ­­ ­­ ( ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­). ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ (­ ­ ­­), ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ (. ­­). ­ ­­, ­­, 1946 ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­­­ ’. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ﳢ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ’­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ “Virtuti Militari” (1792 ­) ­­­, ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ — ̳­­, ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­  — ­, ­, ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ˸ ­ ­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, , ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ “­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­”. ­, ­­, 糢­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ 1980- ­ ­­ 1990-, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­.

1935 ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­-­­­­, ­ — ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. , ­­ ­­, ­ ­ 1992 ­ ­­­ . ­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, 1928 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

, ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­.

­­ ­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ — ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, - . ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­.

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