2 (419) 01.02.2018 - 28.02.2018

1990- , . , .

­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, «­­­», ­­­, ­­­­, ­­, ­­­, ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ 53 42 ­­­. ­ «­­­» ­­ 1990- ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ϳ­­­, ­­­ ­ «­», ­-­­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ «­­» ­­­ ­ ­ ­­-­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­-­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­, ­­ ­ «maniera nuova», ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­, ­, ­­ ­­­ «­» — ­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ «­­», ­­쳢­ ­­­ ­ ­­ (­­, ­, ­­­). ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­: ­­ «­­» ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ «­­­» ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ֳ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­.

 

­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­, — ­ ­ ­-, ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­­, ­­­ (19 ­­). ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­-­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ «» ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­: «­, ­ — ­ ­­­». ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ — ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­.

 

­, ­­ ­-, ­­­ (11 ­­) ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­, ­ . ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ «­­ ­».

 

­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ — ­ ­, ­ ’, ­ , ­­ (23 ­­­). ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ’, ­ ̳­­, ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ . ­­, ­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ’ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ «’-­» — ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ’ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­-­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ’ ­­­ ­­­ — « ­ ­». ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­, «­» ­ ­.

 

’ ­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­, ̳­­ ­­, ̳­­­­ (22 ­). ­ ̳­­ — ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­­­ ̳­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­, «­­ ­».

 

­ ϸ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. — ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­ , ­. ­ (2 ­) — ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­: ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ — ­­. ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­ .

 

­­ «­ ­» — ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ — 28 ­­­. — ­­­ ­ ­’, ­­ ­-­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­, , ­­. ­­ ­­’, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­: ­­... ­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­: ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­’ ­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ̳­. 21 ­­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­ ̳­­, ̳­­ ­, ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­: ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­­ . ̳­­ — ­ ­­ ­, ­, ­ ­­. ̳­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. « ̳­­ ­­, ­­ , ­ ». ­ ­ ­ — ­­. ­ , ̳­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­. ­ ̳­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­.

 

­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ — ­­ ’ ­­­­. 26 ­­­ — ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ʳ­ 1051 ­. ­­­ ’ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ’ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ’ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ’ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ — «’ ­, ̳­­ ­». ­ ’ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ̳­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­.

 

dz­­ ­­ «­­­» ­ ­­, ­, ̳­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­: ­ ­­ (4 ­), ­­ ­ ­­­ (5 ­), ­­ ̳­­ dz­­­ (6 ­). ­ ­­­ ­­­ : «­ ­­ ̳­­, ­­ — ­. ̳­­ ­: « ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­». ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ (­­ ̳­­), ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­’ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ , ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. « ­ ­­ ­­­», — ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­, . ­ ­­ ­ ̳­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ .

 

­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ «­­­» ­­­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ̳­­ dz­­. ­­­ ’­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ (« ­­ ­» — ­­ ­­). ­ ­­ ̳­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ . ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ̳­­ dz­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. «­ ­ , ­ ­ ̳­­ ­­ ­». ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, 6 ­, ­­­ «­­­», ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­.

 

­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. 9 ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­, «­­­ ­­», ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­ ­’ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, «­­­» ­­ ­ «­­­» ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ XII, ­ ­­ ­ ­­糢 ­ ϳ. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­Ⳣ: « ­ ­! ...».

 

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ «­­» — ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­ ­­ «­­» ­­: « ­­ ­ ­­­­». ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ — ­. ­­ ­, ­­, ­­­­ , ­­­ ­, ­-­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­. — ­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­: ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­­­. ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ 糢­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­: «­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­! ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­! ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­».

 

­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­: « ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­!». ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­? ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ «­­» ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ -­­, ­ ­­­ ­: « ... ­­­­». ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­: «­ ­­­! ­­ ­ ­. ­ !». , ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ — « ...» — ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ͳ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ճ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ⳳ, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ Ը­­­ ­­ ­­ 1718 ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­Ⳣ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ — 28 ­­.

 

­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­-­ ­ ­­­ ߢ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ 2 ­­ 1739 ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ (­ ­ ­ ­). ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ˳­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ 1768 ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ 2 ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­: ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ , ­­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ( ­ ­­ ­ «­­» ­ ­­ ­). ­­’ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­: «­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­: ­­­ ­­­».

 

­­ ­­­­ — ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­-­ ­ (­). ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. — 31 ­­­, 23 ­­ 8 ­­ — ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­’. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

 

, «­­­­» ­­­­ 糢­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ «­­­­» ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ XIII ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ - -, ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ XVII ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ XVII ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ — ­­­­, ­­­ ­븢­ ­ ʳ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ 1694 ­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ʳ­-­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ʳ­-­­ ­ ­­ 1073 ­, ­ ­ ­ ʳ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­Ⳣ­ ­ ­. ­ 15 ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ʳ­-­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­ «­ ­­ ­».

 

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ﳢ ­ ̳­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ̳­­ (­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­). ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ «­­­ ­». ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ XVII ­­. ­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­.

 

­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ղ ­­ ­ ’­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­: ­­, ­­, ­, ֳ­­, ­­­...

 

, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ , ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ֳ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ’ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ̳­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­.

 

­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­-­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­-­­, ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ﳢ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ... ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­: ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­-­­ ­᳢­­ ­ ­­-­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. dz­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ — ­­. ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ . ­­ ­­ . ­ ­ ­­볢­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­...  

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