?

5 (410) 01.05.2017 - 31.05.2017

볭 . 130-
, , , 糭 . ղ Ⳮ ୳ , , . ? , , ? -?

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ — ­ ­­ — ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­. ­­­ ­ — ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­-­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­-­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ «­­» ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ «­­» ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ³­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ˳­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ 1910—1920-, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ’Ⳣ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ «­­», ­­: 1970- ­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­­­ «­» ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ( ­­­ ­­­­­ ­). ­­ ­­ ­­ «­­­­ ­».

­­­ ­­­ ­­­ «­» ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­. «Ѹ­» ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ͳ­ , ­­ — ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­: ­, ­ ­, — ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­, ­, ­ ­­, — ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­­ . ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­-­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ˸­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ «­­­­» ­­ (1981) ­­ ­-­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ «­­­» ­­, — ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ 1960—1970-, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­-­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­-«­­­» , ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ³­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ («­­ 2») ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

­­-­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ — . ­ ( ­­­) ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ (­­­­) ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ — ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ -’­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­糳 ­­­­ ­­­­­-­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ «­» ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­...

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ’­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ — ˳­­­, ­­, ­­, ̳­, — ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ’­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­, ’­ ­­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­-­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ó­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­.

’­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ «­­­» ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­: «­­ ­­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ <...> ­­­ ­­. ­­­ — ­­ ­­­ ­, , ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­». ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ -­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ — ­­ ­­­ ո­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ «­­ ­i­i­» ( , ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­), «­» (³­­ ­­, ­­ ­), «­糳 ­» (­­ ­­, ­’ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­), «­­­­ ­­­­­» (­­ ­, ­­­ ). ­ ­, ­, 糢­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­­ ­ «­­» ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ — ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, «­­­» ­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ -.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ «­­» ­­ ­ ( ­­­ ­). ­ ­ «­­» ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­-­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ «­­». ­­­­, ­ «­­­ ­» ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ «­­­». ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ «­­­» — «­­­» — «­­­». ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ­­­ ­-­­. ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ «­­ ­­» «­­ ­­», ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ . ­­-­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ˳­­­, ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­­.

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ’ -­­. ­­ «­­» «­­­ ­­» ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­, ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ 1930-, ­-’­ ­, ­­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1960—1970-, ­ ­ ­ «­ ­­». ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ . ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­-

’­.

­­ , ­, ­­ ­­ ­­㳳 ­ -, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ’­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ «­­ ­­­» ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ -­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­-, ­­­­­, ­­ ­. ­, ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­, — ­ ­­. ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­ , Ţ­ — ­ ­­ ­­. «­­» «­­» ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ «­­». ֳ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ «­­­»? ­ , Neuen Geist, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­?

P.S. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­쳳 ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ «-˳», ­­­ ­ ­ «­­ ­­. 130-­ ­ ­­». ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­: ­­­ «­­» — ­­ ­, «­­» — ­ ѳ­­, «­­­» — ­ ֳ­­ ­­ ϳ­­­, «­­­­-­­ ­­» — ̳­­ ­­, «­ ­» ( ­­ ­­) — ­ ­­­­, «­­­­­ ­­­­­-­­­­ ­­» — ­, «­­» — ­ ­­­, «­» — ­ ­, «­­ ­­­» — ߢ ­, «­­ ­­» — ­ ­. ³­­ ­­­!