³. .

3 (408) 01.03.2017 - 31.03.2017

³볭
³ - . , 1980 1990- .

­ ­­ ­­ «­­ ­ ³­­», ­­ ­­­ IFMC ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ’, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ «­­ ­». ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­; ­ ­, ­­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­; ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­; ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ³­­ ­­; ­­­, ­­ ³­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­; ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ «­­ ­­. ³­­­­ ­­», ­ ­­ ­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­.

 

­ ­­­­: ­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­: ­ ­­ ­­ , ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ³­ 20- ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ «­-­»: «³­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­. ³­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­».

­ ­­­­: , ­­­ ³­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­. , ­, ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ . ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­-­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ «³­­ ­­ ­­ ­­». ­­­ ­­ ’ ³­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ’ ­­­.

­­ ­­­: ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­, ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ³­­ 1918—1924 ­, ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­… ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ . ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ .  ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ³­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­­, ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­­, «­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­, … “­­ ­­”, ­­ “­­ ” ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ “­­-­”, “­­ , ­­, ­ ­­…”, ­­, ­-­­­, ­­­­!»

­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­­ ³­­, «­», ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­: ­, ­, ­­­­ ­. «­ ­ — ­­, ­ ­ ( ­­­) ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­Ⳣ ­ ­ ­». ̳ , ­­­ «­» ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ 1920- ­­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­­ ­ 1921 ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­. ˳­­­­: ­, ­­ ­­! ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ﳢ ­­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ «­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­». ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ «­­­» ­­ ­­, ­­­ «­ ­ ­­­».

­­ ­: ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­-­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­­­: ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­-­­­ ­. ­­­ — ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­: ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ³­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ Գ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ — ’­ ­, « ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­».

­­ ­­­: ³­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­ ­­­. 27-­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ 30 (!) ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­­­­: ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­­ ­ 1989 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­: «­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­, , ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, , ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­-­­­».

­­, ­­ ³­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­ (!) ­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­.

­­ ­: ­­-­­ ­­ ­ 27- ­­?

­ ­: 2016 ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ⳳ, ­, ­, ʳ­ ­­­. ­ ­-­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­: 110-­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ 125-­­ — ­ ­­’­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ — ­, ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­쳳 ­­, ­­­ «Riga MEM» (­), ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­. ­­ «­-­» ­­Ⳣ ­­ «­­ ­. ­­ ­», ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ֳ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­.

­­ ­: ­ ­­­ ­­­ XVIII ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­­­: ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ — ­ ­­­­­ , , ’. ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­: 2012 ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­­­?

­­ ­­­: ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ³­­ ­ 1918 ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. , ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ 1923 ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ 224 ­­­­­ ­­ . ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­ ­: ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­!

­­ ­­­: 2012 ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ «̳­­­ ­­ ­­ .. ­­­­. 1989—2011», ­­­ 12 ­­­ ­ «­­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ³­­ ­­ (1918 .)». ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­, ³­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­, ­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­ 1921—1924 ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ 1920-. ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­ , ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ «­­ ­ ³­­ ­ ­ XX ­­», ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­.

­­­: ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ 24- ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­­-­­­­ «­-­ ­». ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ϳ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­-­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ — ­­, ­­­ ­­-­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ XXV ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­ « ­­». ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ , ­­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ . ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ .

­ XXVIII ­­­ ­­ «-­­, ­­, 7» ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ — «­­ », ­ , ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­ — , ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­, «­­­ ». ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, «­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­», ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ («­»), ­ ­­­ ­­­ («­ ­­»). ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­: ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­ 28- ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ «­­» ­­ ­­­, ­­ ³­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­ «­­ ­­. ³­­­­ ­­» ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ³­­ , ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — , ­­ «­­­», «­», «­­», «», «­­», «­­­», «­ ­­». ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­ — ­ ­­ ­/­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­.

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ 40 ­, ­ «­­ ­­. ³­­­­ ­­» ­᳢­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­, ­ ­­ 3-5 ­ ­­­­ «­­­­­ ­», ­ ­­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­糳 ­ ­­­ , ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­: ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ³­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­㳳 ­­­­ ­­­­. ­­, ­ ˳­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­: ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. , 볳 ­­­­ ­ ­­ «, ­, ­­ ­» ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­-­­­, ­­ ­­ — ­­, ­­­­ , ­, — ­ ­­. ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ’­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­: ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­…

­­ ­­­: ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­ ­­ , ­­ ­­­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, , ­­, ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­ , ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­­­: ­­ 28- ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ’­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­. — ­­ ­­­ ­.

­ «­­ » ­­­­ ­­ — ’­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­. , ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. , ­­, ­ ’­­­ ­­ ­ ­; ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­. 20-­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ «­­ ­ ³­­», ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­ ­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ 115-­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ³­ ­­ ­­?

­­­: ­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ( . ­ ­­, 5) ­­­ «­ ­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­» «­­­ ­ ³­­ ­­ ­­» ­­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­.

­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. 2018- — ­­ ­­, ­ ­ 100 ­ ­­­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­.

­ ­: Ѹ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­-­­­ ­ ³­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ’­­ ­ ­㳸­ ­­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­­ ­­­ «­­ ­­­ ­­», ­­ ­­-­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­­­­: ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ , ­­ ³­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ . ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ .

­­­­ ­­ ­.