a ﳭ

4 (397) 04.04.2016 - 04.04.2016

Ѹ 400 ﳭ: .

­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ 2000- ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­-­­’­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ( ­ ­­ ­ ­­­) ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ³­­ (2008), ­ ̳­ (2010). ­ ­ «­» ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­: ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­? ó­­ ­­­ ­­­­, , ­­­­ ­ ­ «­­­» ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ... ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ — ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­ ( «­­ ­­­» ­ ­­ ­) — ­ ­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­­ «­ ­­» ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ .

 

­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­㳳. ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­ «­ ­­» ­ «­ ­» ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ (­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­). ­­­ ­ «­» (1847) ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ (1864) ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­㳳, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

 

­ ­­ «­­» ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­ — ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

­­-­­­ ­­ XXI ­­ ­ ­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­. «­», ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ «­­­­ ­», ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ . ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ (2009): ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ϳ­­ ­ ­­­ (2011), ­­­ ­­­ — ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ( ­­­ ­­ ­­) — ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ — ­­, ­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­Ⳣ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ (­­­­­), ­ ­ ­­: « ­­ ». ­­ ­­­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­ — «­», «­ ˳», «­» — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ (1605—1606).

 

­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­. , ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­: «­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, “­ ­­­­” ­ ­­», «­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­». ­ ­­: «­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­». ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­.

 

­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­-­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, , ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­-­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­. ­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ «­» ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­-­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ — « ­­­­­ », ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ’­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­­­, ­­­ ­­-­­­ (­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ϳ­­ ­), ­­ ­­ «­­» ­­­­ ­­ (­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­). ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­’­, ʳ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ «­­». ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ dance macabre (­ ­).

 

­­, ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ 1970- ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, , ­, ­­ ’­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­?!

 

­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­-­­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­-­­­ — ­­­. ­­ ­­, ­­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

 

­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­. — ­ ­­­­­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­볢­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­ — ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ’­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ (­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­-­). ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­븢 — ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­, ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­-­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­-­­­-­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, , «­­», ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ (ͳ­ ­­­), ­ ­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ’­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­-­­­­.

 

­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­: ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­.

 

ͳ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­.

 

­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ (­­­­ ­ ­ ­). ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­. , ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

 

­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ (­), ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ vero canto ­­­ ­, ³­­ ­­­ (­), ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­.

 

, ­, ­ ­᳢­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ (­­­-­­­­ ͳ­ ­­­). ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ «Schiudi, inferno, la bocca ed inghiotti» (­ ­­ ­­). ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ «Salve, o re!».

 

­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ³­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, «­­» ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

 

³­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­: ­ ­’­­ ­­ «­­» ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ̲ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ (!) ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ «­­», ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ : «­­ ­­ ­­». ­­: ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­... ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­.

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