2 (395) 01.02.2016 - 28.02.2016

ࢭ ﳭ , , , , - , . , 1950- , , . , , , ̳ . .

... ­­ ­­ ̳ 1944 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­­­. ­­, ̳­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ 1932 ­ ­ ­ «­» ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­-­’­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ̳­­­ ( ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­).

­ ­­ ­­­, ̳ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ . ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ̳­ ’­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ̳­­­. 1944 ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­­ , ­, ­ ̳­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­, , ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ̳­­ ­. ­­, ­­볢­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ — ­ 糢 ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­-­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ 1946- ­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ , ­ , ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ — ­ ˳­­. ­­­, ­­­ ­­: ­­ ­ ­ ­ — ­ ­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­.

­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ̳ 1944 ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­: ­, ­­­, ­­. 糢­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­, ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­, 5 ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­, ­­ 1960-, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ̳­­ (­­ ­­ ­­­, , ­), ­­­Ⳣ­­ ­ ’­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ — ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ͳ­ ­­.

­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­: «­­» ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, «­­ ­», ­­ ­ ’­. ­ ­­­ ­᳢ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­-­­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­, 50- ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­...

­­ ­­ ­᳢ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­糢 , ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­ﳢ­ , ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ 1957 ­, ­ ­ ­­ ̳ ­­ ­­ ʳ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ˳­­ ’­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­.

­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­: «­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ .­». ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ̳­­ ­­ ­ — 1964- ­­ ­ ̳, ­­ ­ ­­-­­­ «­ ­­». ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­, ­­: « ­ ­ ­ ­­ .­­­, 29..64 .».

­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ «­ ­­» — ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ̳­­. ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ 1950-, ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ 24 ­­ 1952 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ «ߢ ­». ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­­, ­ ­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ͳ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ( ­ ) — ­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­, ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­. ­ ­ ­­, ­­­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ , ­­­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ «ߢ­ ­­».

­­­ ­­ ­ ̳ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ̳­­­. ­ ­­­ 60 ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ , ­­­­ ̳­­ — ­­, ̳­­ ­­ — ­­, ­­ ­­­ — ­­, ­ — ­ ­ ­ ̳­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ . ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ 8 ­­­ 1953 ­. ­ ­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­, ­, ­­­ — ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­-­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ̳­­ ­­­, ­­ ϳ­­, ­ , ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. 16 ­­ 1953 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­-­. ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­, ­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­.

­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­ — ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. (­­, ­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­). ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­­ «­­ ­ ­­­. 1917—1959 .» ­­: «... ­­ 50- ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ .­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ .­­, ­­ .­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. 50- ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­». ­ ­, ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ «­ ­­» (1954). ­­ ­­­: «­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­... ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­Ⳣ­». ­: «­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ (­­ .­­). ­ ­ ­­­­ ’­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ “­­” ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­».

­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ «­» ­­-­­­ (1957): «­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­-­ ­­. ­­ .­­ ­­ .­­ -­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­-­­ ­­­».

­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1955 ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ «ߢ ­», «­ », «­­ ­­», ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­: «­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ 21 ­­ 1955 ­. ­­ 500 ­­: ­­ ­, ­, ­­­, , ­­­, ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­-­­­­».

­­ ­­­­ ­ ­’: ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ — ­ ­-­­­­. ­­­­­: ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ «­», ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ «­­ ­­ ­­­ ­», ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ̳­ ­­­ ­’­ ­ «̳­ ­­» ­­­­ ­­­­ ߢ­ ֳ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­’­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ͳ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­ — ­­, ­, ­­­ ­.

­­ ­ ­­­, ­­, ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ̳­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ , ­. ­­ ­­, ­­­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­­ (­­­ ­­ ̳ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­).

̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­’­, ­­ ­Ⳣ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­᳢ ­­ ­­. , - ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­ ­ ­ «­». ­­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­᳢ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ «­» ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ , ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ «­» ­­ 1950-, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. 1973-, ­ ̳­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­. ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­...

­ ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ͳ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­: ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, — ­ ­ (1944—1950 .), ­ ­ ̳­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­.

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