糭 Ⳮ , ,

11 (1554) 12.03.2022 - 18.03.2022

ࢭ , ࢭ 볭, . ʔ ୳. , , ˳, 2016 ࢭ . 볭 볭 㳭 볭 ̲. .

/i/content/pi/cult/894/18922/13.jpg­­, ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, “” ­ ­­ 2014 ­ (. “”  30  38). ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ “­­­­ ­­” ­ , ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ 2005 ­, ­­­, ­ . ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ( , ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­-­­­­, ­ ­­­ ) ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­, ­, ­­­. ­ ­.

­­²­

­­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ (­­, Ը­­), ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ˳­­­ ­ ­­ XV ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ’­­ ­­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­ (1520—1587). ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ (1566), ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ( ­ ­­) ­­ ­ .

­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ . ˳­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­ 1779 ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­, ­­ ­, ­­­. ­ 1780 ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ 1798 ­. ó­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­­­­ ­­­­­. ­­­ ղ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ( ­ ­ ­ “1841 .”, ­­­ ­­­­). ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ղ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­.

1909 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. 1928 ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­.

­ ­­­۲, ­­­ ­­

­­ 1930  1933 ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­­ “­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­”. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ 1933 ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­.

1933 ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­. ­­­, ­­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ 1960—1980- ­. ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ’ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ 2005 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, “­ ’­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­”. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, 2009 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ “­”. ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­ 2012-2013 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ’­­ 2013 ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ “­­ ­” ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ “­­­” ­­ “­­”, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­, ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­.

­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­-­­ ­ “” ­ ­­­ ­­­­?

­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ (­­­), ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­­­ ­­­ ղ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ “­ ”, ­ ­­ ­ ­-­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­.

­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­, ’­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ 2016 ­ ­­­ ­­ ’Ⳣ­ ­­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­.

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