ࢭ...

19 (1562) 07.05.2022 - 13.05.2022

-, 볭 糭
... ... ³, ( ). -, ᳢ . ³ , 1935 .

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. ˳, 1943 , . ., ., .̳

­­­, ղ­, ­­...

­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­: ­­ ­­-­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­. , ­, ­­­ ­­: ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ , ­­ ­, ­ ­­쳢­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­? . ­, ­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­! ­ ­­­. ­ ­? ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­  ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­­ — ­ ­­­, ­­, ­­...

­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ “ ­­ ­­” ­ . ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ , ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ — ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ “­­­ ­”, , ­­ “­” ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ , ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ “ ­ ­”.

“­­ ­­­­”

...25 ­­ 1939 ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ 2- ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ’ ­­-­­. ­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­ 糢­ ­ . ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ “ ­ ­­­­”. 1938- ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ϳ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ “­­­­”. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­ “­­ ­”, ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­, ­?

­ ­­-­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ (­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­, ­­­) ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­-­­, ­ ­ ­. ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­Ⳣ­. ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­: ­­­ ­ ­­­!

… ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ֳ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­? ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ — ­ 43-, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ 6 ­­ ­ ­…

­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­, ­­ . ­­ ­­, ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ — . ­­ ­, 16 ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ 20- ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­-­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ 10 ­­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­, ­, ­ ­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ -2  ­ ­­­ — “­” — ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ “­­ ­­­­” 5-6 ­ ­. ­, ­. ­, ­ ­­, ­, ­, ­ ­­. ­­. ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­? ­ ? ­ ­ ­­­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­: ­ ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ?

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­ ­. . . —

­­ Ͳ­­­Ͳ­ -3

­­ 1942 ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ 2- ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ 20- ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ Ţ. , ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ϳ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ , ­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­­. 10 ­­ 1942 ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ 166- ­­­ ­. , ­, ­ ­­: ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ̳­­­ ­­­­, ̳­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ͳ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ̳­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ “­­­”. ­­­ 166- ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­. ­­ 15 ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ 13 ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ (­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ 2 ­ 1942 ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­).

­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ -3 6 ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ 55. ­ 12 ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ᳢ ­­ , 13 ­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­.

­­­ ­ ­ ­­ 166- ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­: ̳­­­­ ­, ­­, ­­, ­­­, ­, ­, ­, ­­, ­­­, ­, ­­, ֳ­­­… 3 ­­ 1943 ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­! ­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­, “­, ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ”.

  "" 19 7 .

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