13 (1556) 26.03.2022 - 01.04.2022

25 Ⳮ  100 ̳ Ⳮ ߢⳭ.

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18953/10.jpg­ ­­­­ ߢ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­쳳 ­­­. ­­糢­ 25 ­­­ 1922 ­ — ­ ­ ­! — ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­븢­ ­­. 1940 ­ ­­ﳢ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­븢­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­.

­­ ̳­ ­­­­ ­, “ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­-­­­   22 ­­ 1941 ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­”.

­ ­­ ­ ­ ̳­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. , ­­­ 1941 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­븢­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ .. ­­­. 1942 ­ ­ ­­­­ 121- ­­ , ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ 121- ­­ ­ ­­­­ ̳­ ­­­­.

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18953/11.jpg ­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­ ߢ­ ­­ :

­ 1942 ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ 121- ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­糢 ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­”.

̳­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­-­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ , ­­ . ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­.

­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ 1945 ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ i ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­븢­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ 1947 ­ .. ߢ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ i ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ i ­­­ ­ ­­­ i ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­.

1952 ­ .. ߢ­ ­­ﳢ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1956 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, 1981 ­ — ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­, 2005 ­ (50 ­ ­ ­­!), ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­­, 1982—1993 ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­.

̳­ ­­­­ ߢ­ — ­ ­­­, ’­ ­ ­­ ­ 50 ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ “ѳ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­: ­­­­­-­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­” (1977), ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ i ­­­ ­­ i ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­  — ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ 30 ­. , .. ߢ­ ­­ .. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­: “­­­ ­” 6-7 ­ ­ ­ ­­­ (1963—1992), “­­­ ­” 6—7 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ (1971—1992), “­­­ ­” 8—9 ­ (1964—1993). ­­­­ ­ 1963 ­, ­­ ­ — ­ 7  ­­. 1990 ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­.

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18953/12.jpg ­ ­ ­­ .. ߢ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. , ̳­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ “ ­ ­­­ ” “­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ”. ­ ­­糢 ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ (1993), ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ 2008 ­. ­­ ­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ 1992 ­ ̳­ ­­­­ ߢ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

̳­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ’: ­, ­­, ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ — ­­, ­­ 27 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ 23 ­ ­­ ̳­.

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18953/13.jpg ­ ­­ ­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­­­ — ­ ̳­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ . ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ 1989 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ̳­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­-­­­ ­: ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­: “­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­: ­­­” (1997), “­­­ ­: ­­­ ­­­” (1998), “­­­ ­: ­, ­” (2008) . ­ ̳­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­.

­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ̳­­­, ­ ̳­­ ߢ­­. ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. 1995 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­­­ 22 ­ ’­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­, , ­­ ̳­ ­­­ ­­ 3  2000 ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ . ­. 2016 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­-­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­-­­­­.

, ­ ̳­­ ­­­­­ ߢ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ’ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­ ­-­­­.

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