'?

28 (1571) 09.07.2022 - 15.07.2022

̳: , , . , ?

­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­  — ­ ­ ­ ­­ ̳­, ­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­­Ͳ ­

­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­-­­ ­, ­­­ XVIII ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­.

­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­, 2014 ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ — ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ , ’­ ­­ ­­.

­­­Dz­

­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ’ ­ ( ­ ­­ ­ ­). ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ — ­­, ­­­ VIII—X ­­, , ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­-­­ ­­ , , ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­ ­ ’­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­, ­­­ 1950- ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­, ­­­ XVIII ­­, ­-­­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ’­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ’­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ 1794 ­.

ֲ ­ ­ ­ ­ϲ­­­

­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ղ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­, , ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­, , ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, , ­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­­-­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ — 1952. ­ ­ ­­  — ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ XIX ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ 1990- ­­­ ­ ­, ­, , ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­  — ­ ­ ­ ­­­.

­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ XVIII ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­, 1990- ­­ ­ , ­­Ⳣ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­.

­­ʲ ­̲ ˲­­­

­­ ­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ղ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­, ­, ­­ ­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­­ 1863 ­ ­­ ­ ­­ — ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­  — ­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ 2000- - ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­.

­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ղ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, 2011  ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ղ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­, 1970- ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­, ­ ­­. Ѹ­, , ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­. , , ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­.

ϲ!

­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ -­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­-­­ ­­­, , ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ - ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­­­ ­.

­ ­­­ ­ ­? ֳ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­? ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­? ֳ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ’, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­? ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­, , ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ’ ­ ­­­­ ? ­ ­­­ ­ - ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­.

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