- ...

11 (1554) 12.03.2022 - 18.03.2022

150- ³ -
. 10

/i/content/pi/cult/894/18926/19.jpg  ­, ­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ³­­­ ­­­­: “--, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­?! , ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­...” — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ . ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­-­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­쳳 ­­ , ­­­ ­­­ ­­쳳 ­ . 1944- ³­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­.

­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. -­, ­­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­: 2- ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ () 1928 ­ ­­, ­­­ 15-­­­ , 1933-. 23 ­ 1939 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ “­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­”, ­­­­­ 257 ­ 129 ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ “­. ­­ ­­ ­­” ³­­­ ­­­­-­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ 糢 ­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­ 60-­­­ ­ “­­ ­ ­­” ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­­ ­­­. ­, ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­. ­­ , ³­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­.

­ ­­ “­” ­ ­ ­ XIX . ­­ ­­­, ­ — 1908 ­ ­­­ ­­쳳 ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ — ­­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ³­­­: “ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­...” ­­ — ­­­­ ­...

­˲ ²­­˲ ­Ͳ ...

­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­-­­, ­­­ ­ XIX c., ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­, ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ 1917 ­, ­ , ­­­ ­­­, “­­” ­-­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ “­­­” ­­ “­­­­ ­­­. ͳ­­ ­”. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ “­”, ­­ ­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­, ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­.

­, 1930-, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­, ­­ ­, ³­­ ­­­, ­­­ , ­, “­ ­­”, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­-­­, ­, ­­­ ­᳢ ­­.

/i/content/pi/cult/894/18926/20.jpg... 75-­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­-­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­­­. ­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ , , “­­ ­” ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­-­ ­­ 1947 ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ’­ ­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ߢ ­. ­­­ ­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ’­ ­Ⳣ: “ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­!” ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ’ ­­...

­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ( ­ ­ ­­­): “ ­­, ­ ­ ­糢 ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ... , ­⸢ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­...”

­­ ­ ­­

, ­­­­ ­­­-­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ 糢­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ (­ 450, ­­ ­). ­ ­ .. ­­­­-­­ ( ­­­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­), ­­­ 1996 ­ ­­븢­­ ( ­ ­ ­ ­ ­) ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­, ­­糢­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ... , ­ ­­ ­­ ’ ­­­-­­ ­ . ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

³­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­.

­­, , ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, — ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­.

­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­⸢ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­. ­­, ­­쳢­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­...

“­”. ­­ ­­

­­, ­ ­ ­ 18 ­­ 1957 ­, ­ ­ “­”, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ (­ ­ ­­, ­ — ­ ­). 1912- ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­⸢ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ “ ­­” “dz­­ ” ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ “­­ ­” “­ ”. ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ...

­­ ­­­ (­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­) 1 ­­­ 1972 ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ “­”, ­­ ­ ̳ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ( ­­ ­) ­ ­ ­­ ­­­-­­. ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­, ­, ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­­­­, ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ 24 ­ 1982 ­, ­, ̳­, ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ...

...3 ­­­ 1972 ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ̳­ ­­ ­­ “-53”: ­­ — ­­, ­ — ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­... ­ “­” ­ ­ ­ : ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ “­” ­ ­­­ ­, , ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­.

­ ­, 

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