13 (1556) 26.03.2022 - 01.04.2022

볭  , .

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18958/20.jpg­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ 1920—1930- ­ ­­­ ­­ 1939 ­. ­­ ­­ ­­ﳢ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­㳳 ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­.

­­­­­ ֲ ­­­­?

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­-­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ 1921 ­.

­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­­, ­, , ­­ ­ ­­㳳, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ’­ ­­ ­­­ .

/i/content/pi/cult/896/18958/21.jpgͲ­­­ Ͳ­

­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ’­­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­-­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­: ­­­, ­, ­­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ 1919-1920 ­.

­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ 1921 ­ ³­­, — ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ 1923 ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­­­ . ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ 1920- ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­ .

­­­˲ ­ ­­­­̲

­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ 20-25-­­ ­, ­­­, ­ — ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­.

ֳ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­.

­ ­­

­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­-­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­-
­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, 1936 ­ ³­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­.

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­볢­ ­ ­­ ­­ 1939 ­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­

1938 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­, ­ , , ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ 1939 ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­.

ѳ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ’ , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ . Ѹ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

 

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