46 (1537) 14.11.2021 - 20.11.2021

100- ࢭ . 糢, 쳭, ࢭ ୸  . 곭  ୳ ?

­­­­ ­ “­ ­” ­­­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ — ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ’­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ “­­­­ ­ ­­­”, ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­쳳, ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ . ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ 1938  1941  1943  1946 , ­ 1954 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ̳­.

­­ ­­­...

­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ — ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ 糢­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ 2020 ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­-­­­­ ­ 1921–1940 ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­.

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­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ϳ­­ ­.

­­­ ­­ — ’­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ̳­ ­­ ­­­­­­. ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, — ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­ ­

­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­-­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­, — ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ . ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ̳­ ­­­ ­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ϳ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­­­ ­ ­­­ .

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­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­  ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ “­ ­ ­­­”, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ 342  ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­­­

­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ “­ ­” ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ — ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ó­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ — ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­.

­­ ­­ ­­­­, 6 ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ — ­ , ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­  1. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­, ­, ­ ­. ­­, ­­ ’ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ — ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­­ ­­

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ˳­­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ “­ ­­­”. ­­ ’ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ﳢ ­­­ 1928 ­, ­­ ­ ̳ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. 1931 ­ ­ ­ ­­­­-­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­.

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­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ̳­.

­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, 1931 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. 1950- ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­­ ̳­­ ͳ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­. ’ ͳ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­. ­ ̳­­ ͳ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­, ­­糢­ ­­­­ ­­­­ 1943 ­ ­­­­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­㳳 ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ 1948 ­.

ó­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

­ ­­ ­ “­ ­”

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